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Countries All Over The World Must Have Equal Access To Future Coronavirus Vaccines – WHO

World Health Organization

World Health Organization

Every new vaccine and treatment against the deadly coronavirus must be made equally available to everyone globally, the World Health Organization, WHO has said.

WHO revealed this today as the organization shared its plan to accelerate work to fight the pandemic.

According to WHO Director-General, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus the lung disease needs a collective collaboration because it is a common threat that we can only defeat with a common approach.

He added that tools and solutions being unequally available to human beings across the globe will not be allowed.

His words, β€œExperience has told us that even when tools are available they have not been equally available to all. We cannot allow that to happen,”

β€œThis is a first step only, but more will be needed in the future.”

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Coronaviruses are a group of related viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, coronaviruses cause respiratory tract infections that can be mild, such as some cases of the common cold (among other possible causes, predominantly rhinoviruses), and others that can be lethal, such as SARS, MERS, and COVID-19. Symptoms in other species vary: in chickens, they cause an upper respiratory tract disease, while in cows and pigs they cause diarrhea. There are yet to be vaccines or antiviral drugs to prevent or treat human coronavirus infections.

Coronaviruses constitute the subfamily Orthocoronavirinae, in the family Coronaviridae, order Nidovirales, and realm Riboviria. They are enveloped viruses with a positive-sense single-stranded RNA genome and a nucleocapsid of helical symmetry. The genome size of coronaviruses ranges from approximately 27 to 34 kilobases, the largest among known RNA viruses. The name coronavirus is derived from the Latin corona, meaning “crown” or “halo”, which refers to the characteristic appearance reminiscent of a crown or a solar corona around the virions (virus particles) when viewed under two-dimensional transmission electron microscopy, due to the surface covering in club-shaped protein spikes.

Human coronaviruses were first discovered in the late 1960s. The earliest ones discovered were an infectious bronchitis virus in chickens and two in human patients with the common cold (later named human coronavirus 229E and human coronavirus OC43). Other members of this family have since been identified, including SARS-CoV in 2003, HCoV NL63 in 2004, HKU1 in 2005, MERS-CoV in 2012, and SARS-CoV-2 (formerly known as 2019-nCoV) in 2019. Most of these have involved serious respiratory tract infections.

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