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Reproductive Health

Reproductive Health

Reproductive health refers to the state of the reproductive systems of men and women during all phases of life. These structures, like the pituitary gland in the brain, are composed of organs and hormone-producing glands. Reproductive organs, or gonads, are ovaries in women and testicles in males that preserve the protection of their respective systems. They also act as glands because they create hormones and release them.

Every year, reproductive disorders impact millions of individuals.

Female disabilities include:
• Early puberty or delayed.
• Endometriosis, a disorder in which the tissue, known as the endometrium, that usually lines the inside of the womb, develops outside of it.
• Inadequate production of breast milk.
• Infertility or diminished (difficulty getting pregnant) fertility.
• Menstrual complications, including frequent or heavy bleeding.
• Polycystic ovary syndrome. The ovaries contain more than average male hormones.
• During pregnancy issues.
• Uterine fibroids, noncancerous growths in the uterus or womb of a person.

Includes male disorders:
• Erectile dysfunction or impotence.
• Low number of sperm.

Scientists agree that in some reproductive disorders, environmental factors possibly play a role. Research indicates that exposure to environmental factors in the following ways may influence reproductive health:
In both men and women, exposure to lead is related to decreased fertility.

Mercury exposure has been associated with nervous system problems such as memory, attention and fine motor skills.

Exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES), a drug once prescribed to women during pregnancy, can lead to increased risks of cancer, infertility and complications of pregnancy in their daughters.

Exposure to endocrine-disrupting compounds, chemicals that interfere with hormones in the body, can lead to puberty, fertility, and pregnancy problems.

Sexual and Reproductive Health Viewpoints

The first priority of each and every human being is wellbeing. But people are reckless when it comes to sexual health and do not give it much importance, especially in developing countries. A dynamic network of factors ranging from sexual activity and behaviours and social factors, to biological risk and genetic predisposition, according to the World Health Organisation, affects sexual health. This includes HIV and STI / RTI issues, accidental pregnancy and abortion, STI-induced infertility and cancer, and sexual dysfunction.

Sexual wellbeing is a physical , physiological, mental and social well-being condition and is not necessarily a lack of disorder, dysfunction or infirmity. Sexual health needs great attention as it has a psychological component rather than a physical health problem. As it includes relationships as well as enjoyment, sexual activity requires a constructive and respectful approach. A horrific experience that causes both physical and psychological issues is sexual abuse. It causes great pain and anguish when women experience sexual abuse. Sexual abuse causes them to become pregnant because of rape and because they are not prepared for it, often due to emotional distress, they face health problems.

The individual health of a person also determines that person’s sexual health. It influences sexual life and further reproductive health if a person suffers from any chronic disease or mental health. Consultation with health providers on the sexual health of a person is often easier, since it is not just the health of the individual, but the family health of an individual that influences his or her sexual life.

It is important to be aware of sexual health, as it can lead to serious problems , especially when sexual infection is a risk factor. In developing countries, while there are fewer sexually transmitted diseases among adults, the number of adolescents is growing. Therefore, to build awareness among teenagers, it is important to come up with sexual health programs. Since they are not thoroughly informed regarding the use of contraception, the number of unplanned pregnancies is greater in teenagers.

Sexual health has been regarded as part of reproductive health, as due attention should be provided to one’s sex life, the rise of HIV / AIDS, sexual and gender-based abuse. People should opt for sex that is healthy. They should be aware of the dangers that sexual activity entails. Adolescents face challenges when it comes to using contraception in most countries because of different causes, such as insufficient information, trouble having the right service, money problem, and social factors. In backward countries , social factors are major problems for teens as well as women. Owing to traditional views, they ignore sexual wellbeing and therefore face issues related to sexual health. According to the World Bank, pregnancy , childbirth, abortion, reproductive tract diseases, and the human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immune deficiency syndrome ( HIV / AIDS) account for a full one-third of the disease among women between the ages of 15 and 44 in developing countries. “Gender disparity and indiscrimination among women in developing countries have resulted in countless reactions to sexual health.” In such countries , the number of patients with HIV / AIDS is greater. In order to raise awareness among women about the risk factors associated with sexual activity, it has become important to increase sexual and reproductive health programs in such countries

5 Suggestions For Improved Sexual Health For Males

Fertility is not a subject that crosses most males’ minds regularly. As a matter of fact, men seldom give the actual health of their sperm a moment’s thought. But not only should you be mindful of your reproductive health, you need to take every step to protect it if you intend on ever fathering children.

For each man to remember, here are five basic tips. These recommendations can seem simplistic or straightforward, but they may very well prove to be instrumental in protecting and improving your overall reproductive health. They can also ensure your future children’s well-being.

1. Stop smoking. Although lighting up a butt these days is considered “politically wrong” by the public, for long-time smokers, old habits are still very difficult to crack. But for you to remember, here are some facts. Cigarette smoking is related to low sperm counts, and when both partners smoke or when only the man smokes, evidence indicates a 64 percent rise in miscarriages.

2. Cut back on alcohol for yourself. Chronic alcohol consumption not only raises the amount of estrogen within the body, it can also seriously harm the reproductive system. Your ability to create normally-formed sperm cells is drastically diminished if this happens.

3. Increase your Vitamin C daily dose. Why do you think your mom has always been nagging you about “taking your vitamins”? Low vitamin C levels can cause the sperm to clump together, a phenomenon that makes nearly 16% of all males infertile. Increase your daily dose of multi-vitamins, vitamin C in particular.

4. Keep Cool Your Scrotum. Are you thinking I’m making a joke? It is completely true that the amount of excessive heat in the scrotal region will lead to lower sperm counts. If you are in your relationship’s “baby-making” phases, avoiding hot tubs, hot pools, saunas, and wet, stifling work environments would be wise. Also, no hard workouts. Men who exercise excessively run the risk of reducing their sperm count due to the heat that during overly-strenuous exercises builds up around the testicles. You can, in addition, avoid wearing tight jockey shorts and jogging pants. Whenever possible, loose-fitting underwear is a great choice.

5. Abstain from Sex, eventually. All right, admittedly, for a lot of men, this one might be tough! But short sexual restraint periods (three to six days) will increase both semen volume and semen potency. For rather long times, though, don’t abstain. The effect of sustained abstinence is a higher amount of older sperm, which in turn indicates reduced mobility.

SFI Africa


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