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Residents Should Not Panic Over Our 10 New Coronavirus Cases – Plateau State

Coronavirus Nigeria

Coronavirus Nigeria

Plateau State Government has begged its residents not to panic after the state recorded 10 new cases as announced on Friday by the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC).

The Commissioner for Health, Dr. Nimkong Lar made this plea at a recent briefing on Saturday in Jos.

According to him, rather than panicking, residents should concentrate on adhering to the ground rules on containment of the disease in the state.

He added that social and physical distancing should continue to be maintained and personal and respiratory hygiene should continue to be observed.

His words, “The implication of the new cases is that people should adhere to the ground rules in the state which is maintaining social and physical distancing, personal and respiratory hygiene and use of face masks among others.”

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Coronaviruses are a group of related viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, coronaviruses cause respiratory tract infections that can be mild, such as some cases of the common cold (among other possible causes, predominantly rhinoviruses), and others that can be lethal, such as SARS, MERS, and COVID-19. Symptoms in other species vary: in chickens, they cause an upper respiratory tract disease, while in cows and pigs they cause diarrhea. There are yet to be vaccines or antiviral drugs to prevent or treat human coronavirus infections.

Coronaviruses constitute the subfamily Orthocoronavirinae, in the family Coronaviridae, order Nidovirales, and realm Riboviria. They are enveloped viruses with a positive-sense single-stranded RNA genome and a nucleocapsid of helical symmetry. The genome size of coronaviruses ranges from approximately 27 to 34 kilobases, the largest among known RNA viruses. The name coronavirus is derived from the Latin corona, meaning “crown” or “halo”, which refers to the characteristic appearance reminiscent of a crown or a solar corona around the virions (virus particles) when viewed under two-dimensional transmission electron microscopy, due to the surface covering in club-shaped protein spikes.

Human coronaviruses were first discovered in the late 1960s. The earliest ones discovered were an infectious bronchitis virus in chickens and two in human patients with the common cold (later named human coronavirus 229E and human coronavirus OC43). Other members of this family have since been identified, including SARS-CoV in 2003, HCoV NL63 in 2004, HKU1 in 2005, MERS-CoV in 2012, and SARS-CoV-2 (formerly known as 2019-nCoV) in 2019. Most of these have involved serious respiratory tract infections.

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